The surface of Brazil measures 8,515,767 square kilometers, or 16 times the France!
Brazil has 196.7 million inhabitants.
Two airports provide easy access to Rio. The Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport (Galeão), located 20 km from the center and receives flights from major cities in Brazil and the world. The taxis provide transfers for about 30 USD. And the Santos Dumont Airport, located in Guanabara Bay and near the center, which only works for domestic flights. The view from the window is breathtaking! There are 32 km from the airport of Salvador de Bahia and the city center. A taxi costs about 30 USD. In both cases, the airport shuttles serve the city centers for a fee of about 15 USD.
No vaccination required. However, the vaccine against yellow fever is recommended in case of trip in the north. For the Amazon, also think about anti-malaria treatment, and medication against malaria. Throughout the territory, avoid drinking tap water. Do not forget to bring sunblock and mosquito repellent.
Avoid taking too much money, jewelry, or any object of value when you stroll in the city. In Brazil, urban insecurity remains a problem but it should not too much exaggerate. The government has made many efforts, including at Copacabana Beach in Rio or in the Pelourinho in Salvador. In these touristic areas, the police are very present.
The language is Portuguese. The population of major cities speak English, and Brazilians in general understand Spanish.
PROCEDURES & VISAS
Any traveler must be provided with a return ticket or exit of the Brazilian territory. However, the French are exempt from visa for any stay less than 90 days.
Catholicism is the official and dominant religion in the country, with 80% of believers. Brazilians also practice Candomblé and Umbanda, cults of African origin.
The electric current is 220V.
TAXES AND TIPS
In most bars and restaurants, tips are included in the bill but it is customary to give a little more if you are satisfied with the service. If it is not included, you have to add 10% to 15%. It's better to give something to the guides and porters.
The currency is the Brazilian real (BRL). You can change your money in banks which are generally open from Monday to Friday from 10 am to 16h (these hours vary according to the state). You can also go to a currency exchange or a travel agency. Otherwise, there are counters at airports and in the center of large cities. Many hotels, restaurants and shops accept payment by credit cards. American Express, Diners Club, MasterCard and Visa are the most frequent to withdraw money in banks that also endorse travelers checks. However, the rate is rarely beneficial.
CIRCULATE ON SITE
Given the size of the country, the plane is the most recommended means of all transports. Daily airline services connect the state capitals and major cities. The bus is commonly used, also fast and economical, it is suitable for short distances. Transport networks quadrille the country (think about travelling at night). The car, on the other hand, reveals inaccessible places. It is better to have an international license to rent a car, even if it's not an obligation. The roads are well maintained but highways and expressways are proving scarce, and gas stations in some areas. In every major city, there are national and international car rental agencies. If you opt for the car: be very careful on the road because of the lawless conduct of Brazilians. Among others, remember that during the night in town, Brazilians do not stop at red lights. In the center of Rio, forget the car and take taxis crisscrossing the city. They are plentiful and cheap, but be careful anyway. Opt for the subway: faster and easier, also the safest place for tourists. Otherwise, walking is another option: a stroll in a typical old tram traversing the steep cobbled streets of the Santa Teresa neighborhood in Rio. You can also opt for an overview of the city by helicopter which is an unforgettable experience! Since 2011, Rio has the longest aerial tramway in the world: a unique experience in an urban telecabine, 3416 meters of length connecting the downtown to the northern suburbs of Rio, 17 minutes. In Salvador, it is easy to move about thanks to lifts and cable cars that can move from one neighborhood to another. In Sao Paulo, traffic is one of the densest in the world with 6 million of cars! It goes without saying that traffic jams are huge! Thus, the richer people move squarely by helicopter!