The Brazilian regions
1 The Central West region includes the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul and the Federal District and has about 12 million inhabitants on 1.60 million square kilometers (19% of the country). The area is mainly made up of plateaus and covered with vegetation called cerrado. The Central West region also includes the Pantanal, the largest wetland in the world.
2 The Northeast region includes the states of Maranhão, Piauí, Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe and Bahia. There are about 50 million people (the Nordestinos) on 1.56 million square kilometers (18% of the country) and includes a coastal strip overlooking a vast semi-arid central plateau, the sertão.
3 The North region includes the states of Acre, Amazonas, Roraima, Rondônia, Pará, Amapá and Tocantins. There are about 14 million inhabitants on 3.85 million square kilometers (45% of the country). The Brazilian part extends over the region of the Amazon basin and is mostly covered with tropical rainforest.
4 The Southeast region includes the states of Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, with about 77 million inhabitants over 0.93 million square kilometers (11% of the country). This is the most populated and economically developed region of the country. It holds the three greatest cities in Brazil: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte.
5 The South region includes the states of Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul. There are about 26 million on 0.58 million square kilometers (7% of the country). The area also includes a littoral strip overlooking an interior plateau, covered with forests and crossed by many rivers which belong to the basins of the rivers: Uruguai and Paraná, where are situated the Iguaçu Falls